What is A Carrier Payment?

Carrier payments in invoice factoring refer to the process by which a factoring company advances funds to a carrier (typically a transportation or logistics company) based on the invoices issued for services rendered. In the transportation industry, factoring is a common financing solution that helps carriers manage cash flow by providing immediate payment for invoices that might otherwise take weeks or months to be paid by customers.


Key Aspects of Carrier Payments in Invoice Factoring:

  1. Purpose:
    • The primary purpose is to improve cash flow for carriers by providing quick access to funds tied up in accounts receivable. This allows carriers to cover operating expenses such as fuel, maintenance, payroll, and other costs.
  2. Process:
    • Invoice Submission: The carrier provides services and issues invoices to their customers (shippers, brokers, etc.).
    • Factoring Agreement: The carrier enters into an agreement with a factoring company, agreeing to sell their invoices at a discount.
    • Advance Payment: Upon submission and verification of the invoices, the factoring company advances a significant portion of the invoice value (typically 80-90%) to the carrier.
    • Collection: The factoring company takes on the responsibility of collecting payment from the carrier’s customers.
    • Final Payment: Once the customer pays the invoice, the factoring company releases the remaining balance to the carrier, minus a factoring fee.
  3. Factoring Fee:
    • This is the cost associated with the factoring service. It is usually a percentage of the invoice value and can vary based on the creditworthiness of the carrier’s customers, the volume of invoices factored, and the terms of the factoring agreement.
  4. Non-Recourse vs. Recourse Factoring:
    • Recourse Factoring: The carrier remains responsible for the invoice if the customer fails to pay. The factoring fee is generally lower in this arrangement.
    • Non-Recourse Factoring: The factoring company assumes the risk of non-payment. This type of factoring typically comes with higher fees due to the increased risk for the factor.
  5. Benefits for Carriers:
    • Improved Cash Flow: Immediate access to funds helps carriers manage daily operating expenses without waiting for customer payments.
    • Financial Stability: Enhances the carrier’s ability to take on more jobs and grow their business without financial strain.
    • Administrative Relief: The factoring company handles the collections process, allowing carriers to focus on their core operations.
  6. Considerations:
    • Cost: Carriers should evaluate the factoring fees and ensure they are manageable within their profit margins.
    • Customer Relationships: Carriers must inform their customers about the factoring arrangement, as payments will be directed to the factoring company.
    • Contract Terms: It’s important to carefully review the terms of the factoring agreement, including any clauses related to recourse, non-recourse, advance rates, and fees.

Example of Carrier Payments in Invoice Factoring:

A trucking company delivers goods for a client and issues an invoice for $10,000 with payment terms of 30 days. To get immediate cash, the trucking company sells the invoice to a factoring company under the following terms:

  • Advance Rate: 85%
  • Factoring Fee: 3% per 30 days

In this example, the trucking company receives $8,500 upfront and an additional $1,200 after the invoice is paid, minus the factoring fee, providing them with immediate cash flow and financial stability.



Carrier payments in invoice factoring offer a valuable financial solution for transportation and logistics companies, enabling them to maintain steady cash flow and manage operational expenses effectively. By understanding the terms, costs, and benefits, carriers can make informed decisions about utilizing factoring services to support and grow their businesses.

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