Are you just breaking into the trucking industry? With so many trucking types and jobs to choose from, it may be difficult to choose what’s right for you. In this blog, we’ll explore some options and break down the common types of trucking jobs that are available.
The common trucking types are:
Hot Shot: Hot shot trucking, also known as less than truckload (LTL), refers to a truck that’s smaller than the usual semi truck and trailer. Though many truck varieties can fall into this category, the most common is a 1-ton diesel dually pulling a 40-foot gooseneck trailer. These drivers normally have to make several stops for a small amount of freight, and are generally expected to load and unload it themselves.
Dry Van: This is the most common trucking type for new drivers, and usually refers to a 53-foot trailer that hauls dry or non-perishable goods. These jobs are generally more available and easier to get.
Reefer: These specialized trailers have an air conditioner at the front of the trailer and haul goods that must be kept at specific temperatures. The driver is expected to maintain and monitor temperature settings.
Flat Bed: This refers to a flat trailer that can haul anything from airplanes to scaffolding–basically anything that won’t fit inside a standard trailer. The driver is expected to pay close attention to securing and the safety of the load.
Low Boy (or Heavy Equipment Hauler): These trailers are usually extremely low at the center and generally carry items that are tall or oversized. They often require escort vehicles depending on the load and the location.
Tanker: Tankers are used mostly for hauling liquids–anything from gasoline to milk. Special training is requiring when hauling a tanker because the center of gravity is constantly changing.
Bull Hauler: Bull haulers pull trailers that are specially designed for the transportation of live animals. There are several regulations and rules that bull haulers are required to know, adding an extra layer of responsibility and expertise.
Auto Hauler: Auto haulers pull specialized trailers designed to haul all types of vehicles. Similar to bull haulers, auto haulers have additional responsibility and training.
Container Hauler: Container haulers transport metal containers commonly used for imported goods that can also be transported on train cars. Drivers usually pick up their containers from ports or terminals and distribute to other ports or terminals.
Hopper (or Grain Hauler): A hopper is a trailer specially designed for dumping its contents. Hoppers generally transport dry bulk loads, such as grain and corn.
Generally speaking, the highest-paying trucking job types are reefers, tankers, flatbeds, low-boys, bull and auto haulers; however, these also require more training and certification. When you decide what type of trucking job you’ll want to pursue, contact us and we’d be happy to discuss ways to access your working capital in order to keep you moving in the right direction.