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Common Freight Factoring Terms Defined

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Fact-checked by: Bruce Sayer

If you’re new to factoring, you might come across terms that you’re not familiar with. It’s important that your factoring company explains how factoring works and what each term means. To make it easier to understand the process, we’ve pulled together a list of common factoring terms and definitions that we think you’ll find helpful.

Freight Factoring Terms

Factoring: A process where a factoring company purchases your company’s invoices then pays you a percentage of that invoice quickly

Non-Recourse Factoring: Factor assumes credit risk on invoices that aren’t collected within a certain number of days

Recourse Factoring: Customer assumes credit risk on invoices that aren’t collected within a certain number of days

FMA (Factoring Master Agreement): A document explaining terms and conditions of the factoring agreement

BOL (Bill of Lading): A document used in the transportation of goods issued by the carrier

Proof of Delivery (POD): A document that shows goods were received

Reserves: The portion of the invoice that the factor has not yet advanced to the client. Carrier receives most of the reserve amount once the invoice is paid

Working Capital: A financial term measuring liquidity available in a business

Accounts Receivables: Money owed to a business by its clients

Debtor: An entity that owes a debt to another entity

Advance: An upfront lend of a certain amount of money

Freight Broker: An intermediary between a shipper and a carrier

Shipper: Party responsible for initiating a shipment

Carrier: Party that transports goods Uniform Commercial Code

(UCC): The Uniform Commercial Code is a set of standardized legal guidelines defining how sales and commercial transactions are to be carried out in the U.S.

We hope you find these definitions useful when considering or discussing factoring services. If you’d like additional information about factoring or how it works, contact one of our knowledgeable factoring consultants and they’ll walk you through the process. Continue to check back on our blog for more factoring tips and info!

ABOUT eCapital

Since 2006, eCapital has been on a mission to change the way small to medium sized businesses access the funding they need to reach their goals. We know that to survive and thrive, businesses need financial flexibility to quickly respond to challenges and take advantage of opportunities, all in real time. Companies today need innovation guided by experience to unlock the potential of their assets to give better, faster access to the capital they require.

We’ve answered the call and have built a team of over 600 experts in asset evaluation, batch processing, customer support and fintech solutions. Together, we have created a funding model that features rapid approvals and processing, 24/7 access to funds and the freedom to use the money wherever and whenever it’s needed. This is the future of business funding, and it’s available today, at eCapital.

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eCapital Corp. is committed to supporting small and middle-market companies in the United States, Canada, and the UK by accelerating their access to capital through financial solutions like invoice factoring, factoring lines of credit, asset-based lending and equipment refinancing. Headquartered in Miami, Florida, eCapital is an innovative leader in providing flexible, customized cash flow to businesses. For more information about eCapital, visit eCapital.com.

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