What is Reverse Factoring?

Reverse factoring, also known as supplier finance or confirmed payables financing, is a financial arrangement that allows suppliers to receive early payment on their invoices at a discount, with the process initiated by the buyer rather than the supplier. It’s a form of supply chain financing that strengthens the financial stability of both buyers and suppliers by optimizing cash flow across the supply chain.


How Reverse Factoring Works:

  1. Invoice Approval: The buyer receives goods or services from a supplier and approves the invoice for payment, indicating their obligation to pay by the invoice due date.
  2. Financing Institution Involvement: The buyer has an agreement with a financial institution (usually a bank or a specialized finance company) to pay the supplier’s invoices early. Once the invoice is approved by the buyer, the financial institution is notified.
  3. Early Payment to Supplier: The financial institution pays the supplier the amount of the invoice (minus a small discount) before the buyer’s original payment term. This discount compensates the financier for the advance payment.
  4. Payment by the Buyer: On the due date, the buyer pays the full invoice amount to the financial institution, according to the agreed payment terms.

Key Features of Reverse Factoring:

  • Buyer-Initiated: Unlike traditional factoring, where suppliers seek early payment options directly from financiers, reverse factoring is initiated by the buyers, which allows suppliers to benefit from the buyer’s credit rating.
  • Improved Supplier Liquidity: Suppliers receive payments sooner than the agreed payment terms, improving their cash flow and reducing the need for other forms of financing.
  • Extended Buyer Payment Terms: Buyers may negotiate longer payment terms with their suppliers, enhancing their own cash flow management without negatively impacting supplier relationships.
  • Strengthened Supply Chain: Early payment helps maintain a healthy supply chain by ensuring suppliers have the necessary funds to continue operations, thereby reducing the risk of supply chain disruptions.


  • For Suppliers: Immediate access to cash improves liquidity and financial stability, allowing for better planning and investment in growth opportunities.
  • For Buyers: The ability to extend payment terms without adversely affecting suppliers can lead to stronger supplier relationships and potentially better pricing or terms in the future.


A large retailer orders products from various small suppliers. To support these suppliers and maintain a healthy supply chain, the retailer uses reverse factoring, allowing suppliers to get paid immediately upon invoice approval by the retailer. The retailer benefits from extended payment terms, and the suppliers enjoy improved cash flow without the high costs typically associated with short-term financing.


In conclusion, reverse factoring is a valuable financial tool within supply chain finance that benefits both buyers and suppliers by ensuring timely payments, improving cash flow, and fostering strong, mutually beneficial relationships.

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