What is Factoring Company?

A factoring company is a financial institution that provides factoring services to businesses. For a UK audience, understanding the role and benefits of a factoring company can help businesses improve cash flow, manage accounts receivable, and reduce credit risk.


Key Aspects of a Factoring Company:

  1. Definition:
    • A factoring company is a financial intermediary that purchases a business’s accounts receivable (invoices) at a discount. In return, the business receives immediate cash and the factoring company takes over the responsibility of collecting payments from the business’s customers.
  2. Purpose:
    • Improve Cash Flow: By providing immediate funds based on outstanding invoices, factoring companies help businesses maintain liquidity and manage working capital more effectively.
    • Reduce Credit Risk: Factoring companies often assume the credit risk associated with the receivables, protecting the business from potential bad debts.
    • Simplify Collections: Factoring companies handle the collections process, allowing businesses to focus on core operations rather than chasing payments.
  3. How Factoring Works:
    • Invoice Submission: The business submits its invoices to the factoring company.
    • Advance Payment: The factoring company advances a percentage of the invoice value (typically 70-90%) to the business.
    • Collection: The factoring company collects payment from the business’s customers.
    • Final Payment: Once the customer pays the invoice, the factoring company pays the remaining balance to the business, minus a factoring fee.
  4. Benefits for Businesses:
    • Immediate Access to Cash: Provides quick liquidity by converting receivables into cash.
    • Focus on Growth: Allows businesses to focus on growth and operations rather than debt collection.
    • Risk Management: Mitigates the risk of non-payment through non-recourse factoring.
    • Improved Credit Management: Factoring companies often provide credit assessment services, helping businesses evaluate the creditworthiness of potential customers.
  5. Types of Factoring:
    • Recourse Factoring: The business retains the risk of non-payment. If the customer does not pay, the business must repay the factoring company.
    • Non-Recourse Factoring: The factoring company assumes the risk of non-payment, offering greater protection to the business.
    • Invoice Factoring: Involves selling individual invoices to the factoring company.
    • Whole Ledger Factoring: Involves selling all outstanding invoices to the factoring company on an ongoing basis.
  6. Example:A UK-based wholesale business has £100,000 in outstanding invoices with payment terms of 60 days. To improve cash flow, the business decides to use a factoring company.
    • Invoice Submission: The business submits the £100,000 worth of invoices to the factoring company.
    • Advance Payment: The factoring company advances 80% of the invoice value, providing £80,000 immediately.
    • Collection: The factoring company collects the full £100,000 from the customers after 60 days.
    • Final Payment: After collecting the payment, the factoring company deducts a factoring fee (e.g., 3%, or £3,000) and pays the remaining £17,000 to the business.
  7. Choosing a Factoring Company:
    • Reputation: Select a factoring company with a strong reputation and experience in your industry.
    • Services Offered: Consider additional services such as credit assessment, risk protection, and international factoring.
    • Terms and Conditions: Review the terms of the agreement carefully, including advance rates, fees, and payment schedules.


A factoring company plays a crucial role in providing businesses with immediate cash flow, reducing credit risk, and simplifying the collections process. For UK businesses, partnering with a reputable factoring company can help improve financial stability and support growth. Understanding how factoring companies operate and the benefits they offer allows businesses to make informed decisions and effectively manage their accounts receivable.