What is A Factoring Advance?

A factoring advance is a key component of the factoring process, where a business receives immediate cash from a factor based on the value of its outstanding invoices. For a UK audience, understanding factoring advances can help businesses improve their cash flow and manage working capital more effectively.


Key Aspects of a Factoring Advance:

  1. Definition:
    • A factoring advance is the upfront payment a business receives from a factor when it sells its accounts receivable (invoices) to the factor. This advance typically represents a percentage of the total invoice value, providing the business with immediate access to funds.
  2. Purpose:
    • Cash Flow Improvement: Provides immediate liquidity, allowing businesses to cover operational expenses, pay suppliers, and invest in growth opportunities without waiting for customers to pay their invoices.
    • Working Capital Management: Helps businesses manage their working capital more effectively by converting receivables into cash quickly.
  3. How Factoring Advances Work:
    • Invoice Submission: The business submits its invoices to the factor for financing.
    • Advance Payment: The factor advances a percentage of the invoice value to the business, typically between 70-90%.
    • Final Payment: Once the customer pays the invoice, the factor pays the remaining balance to the business, minus the factoring fee.
  4. Example:

    A UK-based wholesale company has an outstanding invoice worth £50,000 with a 60-day payment term. To improve cash flow, the company decides to use factoring.

    • Invoice Submission: The company submits the £50,000 invoice to the factor.
    • Advance Payment: The factor agrees to advance 80% of the invoice value. The company receives £40,000 immediately.
    • Collection: The factor collects the full £50,000 from the customer after 60 days.
    • Final Payment: The factor pays the remaining £10,000 to the company, minus a factoring fee of, for example, 2% of the invoice value (£1,000). The company receives the final payment of £9,000.
  5. Benefits:
    • Immediate Cash Access: Provides businesses with quick access to funds, improving liquidity and financial stability.
    • No Additional Debt: Unlike loans, factoring advances do not create additional debt on the balance sheet.
    • Credit Risk Mitigation: In non-recourse factoring, the factor assumes the credit risk, protecting the business from bad debts.
    • Focus on Core Activities: By outsourcing the collection process to the factor, businesses can focus on their core operations.
  6. Considerations:
    • Cost: Factoring advances come with fees, which can include a discount rate and service fees. It’s important to understand the total cost and how it affects overall profitability.
    • Customer Relations: The factor interacts with the business’s customers for collections. Choosing a reputable factor can help maintain positive customer relationships.
    • Creditworthiness of Customers: The factor will assess the creditworthiness of the business’s customers, which can influence the advance rate and fees.
  7. Choosing a Factor:
    • Reputation and Experience: Select a factor with a strong reputation and experience in your industry.
    • Services Offered: Consider additional services such as credit assessment, risk protection, and international factoring if relevant.
    • Terms and Conditions: Carefully review the terms of the agreement, including advance rates, fees, and payment schedules.


A factoring advance is a valuable financial tool for UK businesses seeking to improve cash flow and manage working capital. By providing immediate funds based on the value of outstanding invoices, factoring advances help businesses cover expenses and invest in growth without waiting for customer payments. Understanding the benefits, costs, and considerations of factoring advances allows businesses to make informed decisions and effectively leverage this financing option.