What is Floor Plan Financing?

Floor plan financing is a specific type of inventory financing used primarily by dealerships that sell consumer goods such as automobiles, recreational vehicles, boats, and large home appliances. This financing solution allows dealers to borrow against the inventory they hold on their showroom floor or lot, enabling them to stock a wide range of products without tying up significant capital in inventory.


How Floor Plan Financing Works:

  1. Financing Agreement: A dealer enters into a financing agreement with a lender (often a bank or a specialized financial institution) where the lender agrees to pay for the inventory that the dealer purchases from manufacturers.
  2. Inventory as Collateral: The purchased inventory serves as collateral for the loan. The dealer holds the inventory, displays it for sale, and can use it to generate sales, but the lender retains a security interest in the inventory.
  3. Repayment as Items Are Sold: As each item is sold, the dealer repays the lender for that specific piece of inventory, plus interest and any fees. This repayment process continues until all financed inventory is sold, at which point the dealer can finance additional inventory.
  4. Interest and Fees: The dealer pays interest on the borrowed amount. Interest rates and fees can vary based on the dealer’s creditworthiness, the lender’s policies, and the specifics of the financing agreement.

Benefits of Floor Plan Financing:

  • Increased Inventory: Dealers can stock a wider variety of inventory, making their showroom more appealing to potential customers without the need for substantial upfront capital.
  • Improved Cash Flow: Floor plan financing improves cash flow by freeing up capital that would otherwise be tied up in inventory, allowing dealers to allocate resources to other areas of their business.
  • Flexibility: Dealers can quickly adjust their inventory levels based on sales trends and consumer demand without significant financial strain.
  • Manufacturer Relationships: This financing can help dealers meet manufacturer’s requirements for stocking new models, thereby maintaining good relationships with suppliers.


  • Interest Costs: The cost of financing can impact the dealership’s profit margins, especially if inventory does not sell as quickly as anticipated.
  • Risk of Overstocking: Easy access to financing might lead dealers to overstock inventory, which can become problematic if sales slow down.

Real-World Application:

Consider a car dealership that wants to expand its range of vehicles to attract more customers. Through floor plan financing, the dealership is able to purchase the latest models from various manufacturers and display them in the showroom without paying the full cost upfront. As vehicles are sold, the dealership repays the lender for each sold vehicle, maintaining a dynamic inventory while managing its cash flow effectively.


In summary, floor plan financing is an essential tool for dealerships, providing the liquidity needed to maintain an attractive and diverse inventory, thereby driving sales and enhancing competitiveness. However, dealers must manage their inventory and sales strategies carefully to maximize the benefits of this financing solution.

No Posts Found