What is AN Aging Report?

An aging report, also known as an aged receivables report, is a vital financial tool used by businesses to manage and monitor outstanding invoices and accounts receivable. For a UK audience, understanding the purpose, structure, and benefits of an aging report is essential for effective credit management, cash flow optimization, and maintaining healthy customer relationships.


Key Aspects of an Aging Report:

  1. Definition:
    • An aging report is a financial document that categorizes a company’s accounts receivable based on the length of time invoices have been outstanding. It helps businesses track overdue payments and assess the creditworthiness of their customers.
  2. Purpose:
    • Credit Management: Helps businesses monitor the credit extended to customers and identify overdue accounts that need follow-up.
    • Cash Flow Management: Provides insights into expected cash inflows and helps in planning and managing cash flow.
    • Risk Assessment: Assists in evaluating the risk of bad debts by highlighting long-overdue accounts.
  3. Structure:
    • The aging report is typically divided into columns representing different aging periods, such as:
      • Current: Invoices that are not yet due.
      • 1-30 Days Past Due: Invoices that are 1 to 30 days overdue.
      • 31-60 Days Past Due: Invoices that are 31 to 60 days overdue.
      • 61-90 Days Past Due: Invoices that are 61 to 90 days overdue.
      • Over 90 Days Past Due: Invoices that are more than 90 days overdue.
    • Each row in the report lists the customer’s name, invoice number, invoice date, due date, and the outstanding amount within each aging category.
  4. Benefits:
    • Improved Collections: Helps prioritize collection efforts by focusing on the most overdue accounts.
    • Better Customer Relationships: Enables proactive communication with customers regarding overdue payments, which can help maintain positive relationships.
    • Enhanced Financial Planning: Provides a clear picture of outstanding receivables, aiding in more accurate financial forecasting and planning.
    • Risk Mitigation: Identifies high-risk accounts that may require more stringent credit terms or additional follow-up.
  5. Usage:
    • Regular Review: Businesses should regularly review the aging report, typically on a monthly basis, to stay on top of their receivables.
    • Follow-Up Actions: Based on the report, businesses can take appropriate follow-up actions, such as sending reminders, making phone calls, or engaging collection agencies for long-overdue accounts.
    • Adjusting Credit Policies: Use insights from the aging report to adjust credit policies and terms for customers with a history of late payments.

Example of an Aging Report:

Consider a UK-based wholesale company that needs to manage its outstanding invoices. Here’s a simplified example of an aging report:


Customer Invoice Number Invoice Date Due Date Amount (£) Current (£) 1-30 Days (£) 31-60 Days (£) 61-90 Days (£) Over 90 Days (£)
Customer A INV-1001 01/06/2023 30/06/2023 5,000 5,000 0 0 0 0
Customer B INV-1002 15/05/2023 14/06/2023 3,000 0 3,000 0 0 0
Customer C INV-1003 01/04/2023 01/05/2023 2,000 0 0 2,000 0 0
Customer D INV-1004 01/03/2023 01/04/2023 1,000 0 0 0 1,000 0
Customer E INV-1005 01/01/2023 01/02/2023 4,000 0 0 0 0 4,000


  • Current: Customer A owes £5,000, which is not yet due.
  • 1-30 Days Past Due: Customer B owes £3,000, which is 1-30 days overdue.
  • 31-60 Days Past Due: Customer C owes £2,000, which is 31-60 days overdue.
  • 61-90 Days Past Due: Customer D owes £1,000, which is 61-90 days overdue.
  • Over 90 Days Past Due: Customer E owes £4,000, which is more than 90 days overdue.


An aging report is an essential tool for UK businesses to manage their accounts receivable effectively. By categorizing outstanding invoices based on their age, businesses can prioritize collections, manage cash flow, assess credit risk, and maintain strong customer relationships. Regularly reviewing and acting on aging reports helps ensure financial stability and operational efficiency.